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Cercis ‘Merlot’

Cercis canadensis

Cercis canadensis ‘Merlot’ is a Canadensis and texensis cross to produce a more drought and heat tolerant tree. It has glossy, small rounded dark purple leaves and has an upright vase-shaped growth habit. It has a tighter, denser habit than Cercis “Forest Pansy” and is more heat tolerant and drought tolerant (texensis factor.) Leaves of ‘Merlot’ are smaller, thicker, and glossier than those of ‘Forest Pansy’. Mature plants flower heavily with strong bright pink flowers that are self-cleaning and have a low seed set. ‘Merlot’ does not show leaf stress in the heat of summer.

Use ‘Merlot’ as a specimen or part of a group, even in urban settings. It reaches about 12 to 15 feet high and wide.

Origin: USA

Description / Plant Notes:

  • USDA Zones 6-9 (-10°F or -23°C)
  • Outstanding glossy dark purple foliage
  • Excellent heat & drought tolerance (The C. texensis factor)

Patent Status: PP 22,297

PK Sheet
USDA Zone: 6 - 9
Height: 144 to 180-inches
366 to 457-centimeters
Spread: 144 to 180-inches
366 to 457-centimeters
Seasons: Early Spring
Flower Colors: Purple-pink
Foliage Colors: Plum, Dark Purple
Light Levels: Full-Sun, Partial-Sun
Growth Habit: Upright-arching
Usage: Containers, Garden border, Gardens, Landscapes, Mass landscape planting, Pollinator Plant, Pots
Patent Status: PP 22,297
Origin: USA

Grower Culture

Media: Well-draining media
Water: Well-Drained to Moderate
Crop Timing from Rooted Liners:
3-gallon: 78 to 104-weeks with 1 ppp